Stages Of Alzheimer Disease


Stages Of Alzheimer Disease  

The disease of Alzheimer’s can affect the human body for the time span of 3 to 20 years. However, the life span of a patient diagnosed with this disease generally averages between 8 to 10 years thereafter. During these years, the disease passes through various stages ranging from mild forgetfulness to drastic intellectual deterioration. Despite the 7 stages being specified, it is not necessary that all patients will experience all the stages. Practically, the disease manifests itself in each body in its own way.

Stage 1 of the disease is termed as ‘no impairment stage’. At this time, the disease has attacked the body but neither the patient nor any doctor can identify it. During stage 2, known as ‘very mild cognitive decline’, the patient starts experiencing very slight forms of memory loss such as forgetting certain names or location of things. However, the disease cannot be deciphered at this stage by either known people or through medical intervention. Not until stage 3 of ‘mild cognitive decline’ can the disease be medically diagnosed. At this stage, near and dear ones can also figure out problems associated with memory loss in the patient. Other symptoms evident in this stage include performance issues, reading problems and inability to plan.

Stage 4 referred to as ‘moderate cognitive decline’ makes the disease very clearly visible. Indications of this stage are lack of retention of recent events, withdrawn personality traits and inability to execute arithmetic activities such as backward counting. Stage 5 called ‘moderately severe cognitive decline’ exhibits prominent memory gaps to the level of forgetting their own personal details such as telephone number and residential address. Other signs are confusion over dates or seasons and further decline in arithmetic ability. ‘Severe cognitive decline’ is termed as stage 6 wherein the patient requires assistance to perform daily activities such as clothing and using the toilet. The individual suffers memory loss to the level of forgetting names of their loved ones and can lose their way if left unattended. The final stage of ‘very severe cognitive decline’ illustrates loss of communication and potential to control their bodily movements. The patient ends up getting dependent for every single activity.

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