Open Heart Surgery Vs Coronary Stent


Open Heart Surgery Vs Coronary Stent  

An open heart surgery is one in which the heart is stopped and the blood flow is carried out through a heart-lung machine. This is done so that the surgeon can freely operate on the heart and repaid the damage arteries and so on. It is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the United States, and has a high rate of success.

Once operated on with an open heart surgery, there are certain restrictions that the patient must follow. A hospital stay of 3 to 4 days after the surgery is generally recommended by the surgeon. Also, before being operated, the patient is asked to not smoke for two weeks and the eight hours before a surgery are the ones wherein the patient is strictly forbidden to eat or drink. Open heart surgery is particularly beneficial in correcting congenital heart defects and also blocked arteries.

A coronary stent is a man made tube which is placed in the particular coronary artery to treat coronary heart disease or CHD. It is part of a process called Pericutaneous Coronary Intervention or PCI.

While both open heart surgery and coronary stent can be used to treat coronary heart disease or CHD, the number of patients being recommended for the latter is decreasing day by day. This is more so because of the evolution of drug-eluting stents. Also, the risks associated with open heart surgery and the particularly long recovery periods act against people opting for the surgery, which is an invasive procedure.

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