The Role Of Protein In Hormone Functions


The Role Of Protein In Hormone Functions  

Proteins are complex compounds made from carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen. They are biological molecules which are very important to maintain cellular growth, and maintenance and functioning of the human body. They make up nearly 17 percent of the body composition.

The building blocks of proteins are amino acids. Amino acids join together with peptide bonds between them and form long chains of polypeptides which make up proteins.

The human body makes use of twenty different types of amino acids to produce proteins and hence, hormones, which are synthesized from them. Amino acids have different properties depending on the chemical groups that make them up and these are ultimately responsible for determining the function and properties of the proteins. The twenty amino acids are again divided into two types depending on whether they are synthesized by the body or not. They are essential and nonessential. There are eleven of these amino acids which are synthesized by the body. They are called nonessential amino acids. The rest are essential. They are not synthesized by the body and have to be generated through the diet. Some of the twenty amino acids are Alanine, Asparagine, Cysteine, Glutamine, Glycine and Histidine.

When it comes to hormones, amino acids are the main components. For example, the hormone insulin secreted by the pancreas, is made up of 48 amino acids. The amino acids are the ones which determine the function of the hormones. They are the ones that help both proteins and hormones maintain important functions such as cell division, regeneration, tissue maintenance and regulation and so on.

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