The giant panda lists on the top of the endangered animals because there are less than 1,000 pandas left in the world today. Including the pandas in captivity, there may be a few hundreds of them more. The habitat of the pandas is decreasing because the bamboo forests are being cleared.
Pandas primarily subsist on bamboo, and as much as 20 kilograms in a day. The bamboo grows in the shady reaches of the mountains under the fir trees. However, several forests were cleared in the areas where the pandas lived for farming and industrialization. So the pandas had to travel extensively in the mountains in search of bamboo. Another reason is the breeding pattern of the panda. The female panda is fertile only for a few days in spring season, and they are very selective about their partners.
Also, the male and female pandas are solitary animals. The two genders of pandas live in their own territories and do not let each other into their territories. However, since the pandas live in different habitats the males and females find it difficult to find each other in the wild. Also, the male pandas have difficulty in identifying the female panda when it is fertile. Due to the breeding patterns the pandas are not increasing in number.
In addition, in the wild, the baby pandas are susceptible to falling prey to the snow leopards, eagles and even the bamboo rat. The baby panda is very small and can be easily be carried away by its predators.So the only hope for increasing the number of pandas is through conservation and natural reserves that are being created for them.
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