White dove has been the popular symbol for hope and peace. There is a reason for this. Doves are very loyal to their partner and work together while building the nest and rearing their young ones.
Most of them chose to nest where humans lived; hence they were thought to be very peaceful, honorable and dedicated compared to hawks and many other birds that were quite aggressive and preyed on other animals and birds.
Doves are not fussy eaters and could be easily trained and domesticated. They are so friendly that they even eat from a human’s hand. Hence, they were taught to be innocent by Egyptians. The Chinese principally felt that doves symbolized long life as well as peace. For Romans and Greeks, these birds symbolize devotion, love and care for one’s family. Aphrodite and Venus considered dove as a sacred bird according to legends.
The Bible depicts dove as honest, loving and loyal. There is an interesting story why doves are often depicted with a twig. When Noah released the dove from his Ark, it returned first as it could not find any dry land due to floods. Later, it returned again with a twig to notify that the floods had ended and it was quite safe to venture to the land.
Picasso again popularized the dove in the 1950s post the Second World War. When he was asked to create a symbol for a peace conference, he decided to depict the symbol using a white dove. This became quite popular all over and thereafter, this bird was portrayed as the symbol of peace.
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