The Siamese cats have a coat which usually comes in cream color with contrasting points. This is accepted world wide as the standard color of the breed. The patches are restricted to tail, nose, ears and paws. This color pattern is attributed to mutation of enzymes that are responsible for the production of melanin. These enzymes work well when the body temperature is normal and the surrounding temperature is cool. Their legs and face are pointed since these are well cooled by their sinuses.
Their blue eyes are a result of partial albinism genes. The blue coloration is due to the lack of or complete absence of the eye pigment which causes reflection of light from the retina appears blue.
Some of the traits of the different colored Siamese cats are:
- Seal point: These came first to the US. The color of the coat is fawn or cream, eyes are dark blue, and the points, nose leather and paws are dark brown.
- Lilac point: This is rare. The coat is pure white, eyes are blue, the points are lightly colored and the nose leather and the paws are lavender-pink in color.
- Chocolate point: Like the lilac point, these were accepted by the CFA in 1950s. The contrast between the points and the coat becomes stronger with age. The coat is white or ivory, eyes are blue and points chocolate brown .The nose leather and paws are cinnamon-pink.
- Blue point: Accepted by the CFA in 1930s, these have bluish white coat, bright bluish color eyes and the points, nose leather and the paws are slate gray in color.
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