Facts About Clownfish
Clownfish are named so because of the distinctive white and black markings on their bodies. They fall under the category of colorful group known as damsel fish. There are 28 types of clownfish and all are warm water species. The most commonly found species is called Percula clownfish, identified by bright orange and white stripes on their bodies. There are found in the floor of the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea and the Great Barrier Reef of Australia.
The clownfish feed on a mutually beneficial relationship or the symbiotic relationship with the sea anemone. The clownfish feed on the residue of the prey killed and eaten by the sea anemone. Apart from these, they also feed on different algae and planktonic crustaceans.
Because of their bright colors, the clownfish are easy targets of the other predators of the ocean. However, due to the bond with the sea anemone, when the other fish follow it to the anemone, they get stung by it. But the clownfish develop an early immunity from the poison of the anemone’s tentacles early on and, thus, do not get affected by it, even if it accidentally gets stung. Thus, along with food, clownfish is depended on sea anemones for protection also.
Clownfish do not have any specific breeding season and spawns during all the times of the year. Their hatching time is short, usually last 4 to 5 days. Their life spans over 3 to 5 years in captivity.
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