If you want to know which breed of horse originated in Czechoslovakia, you will be surprised to know that as many as 6 breeds have originated in that country. In the 1763, it was Maria Theresa, the empress of Czechoslovakia, who was responsible for passing the laws for horse breeding. The region was known to have extremely fertile soil conducive for breeding horses. Out of the 6 breeds of horses that have originated in the country, just one breed, namely the Czech warm blood, is found outside the country in high numbers.
The breeds that have originated in Czechoslovakia are as follows:
- The Kladruber, also known as Kladruby
- The Czech cold blood, also known as Cesky cladnokrevnik
- The Czechoslovakian small riding horse
- The Czech warm blood, also known as Cesky teplokrevnik
- The Slovak warm blood, also referred to as the Slovakian warm blood
Out of these breeds, the oldest one is the Kladruber. This horse was first bred in Czechoslovakia in the 1500s; while the latest breed added quite recently is the Czechoslovakian small riding horse. This breed was initially bred in the 1980s.
All over the world, the standard measurement to measure the size of a horse is the hand, which is equivalent to 4 inches. Where horses are concerned, their heights are measured from the ground until the highest point of their shoulders or withers. The tallest horse from Czechoslovakia is the Kladruber standing between 16.1 hands and 17 hands. Whereas, the average size of the Czech cold blood, Czech warm blood and the Slovak warm blood is about 16 hands. The smallest breed found in the country is the Czechoslovakian small riding horse that stands between 13.2 hands and 13.3 hands.
All the breeds in Czechoslovakia are bred for various purposes. The 2 warm blood breeds are bred specifically for taking part in horse sports like horse jumping and horse dressage. The Czechoslovakian small riding horse has a quiet temperament and is commonly used for horse show competitions that involve small kids. The Czech cold blood is used in farms for lugging heavy equipment and it is also used in the logging industry. The Kladruber was initially bred for drawing horse carriages of the gentry and the elite.
Other than the Kladruber, no other breed of horses originating in Czechoslovakia has any form of registry. However, it is possible to register the 2 warm blood breeds at international as well as national registries based on the restrictions imposed by the registries. Therefore, there is no clear cut numbers of how many of each breed is surviving in the country. However, based on a survey carried out in the year 2009, it is estimated that all over the world, there are less than one thousand Kladrubers in existence.
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