Fleas are blood-sucking parasites that are generally found living on furry animals. If you have pets at home, then fleas would undoubtedly find their way through. These tiny pathogens draw blood from the host’s circulatory system and reproduce at an alarming rate. They have sharp mouthparts that are designed to pierce through the skin getting direct contact to the blood vessels. They carry numerous diseases and infections. They can easily transmit murine typhus tapeworm larvae, bubonic plague and other types of communicable diseases to humans. A flea bite is very itchy. A prolonged flea attack can lead to allergic dermatitis as well.
Summer is an ideal time for fleas to infest and attack in large numbers. Fleas get hold of warm-blooded animals like cats and dogs. They gradually lay eggs on carpets, rugs, clothes and other furnishings. They finally find their way through humans. Legs and waist areas are particularly susceptible. A flea bite will look like a small bump. This bump is surrounded by a red halo type formation. Few people may be extremely allergic to flea bites while others will exhibit absolutely no symptoms. Children are particularly susceptible because of their low immune resistance when compared to adults.
If you notice a flea bite, washing the area with an antiseptic soap will help prevent spread of the infection. Flea bites are very itchy so scratching them would lead to further complications. You can place an ice pack on the area to minimize swelling and inflammation. Hydrocortisone creams and calamine lotions can be safely applied on the affected area.
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