A grasshopper’s life cycle revolves around eggs, nymphs and adult stages. These insects belong to the order Othoptera. There are nearly 11,000 different species of grasshoppers found all over the world. They are predominantly green in color and feed on leaves and grasses of other plants. They have powerful hind legs and wings attached to their thorax. The fore wings are leathery and somewhat narrow. The hind wings on the other hand are large and membranous.
Females are bigger than males. The males attract the females by singing a melodious tune. After mating, the females carry the eggs in a special sac like structure. Reproduction mainly occurs in early summer. By mid summer, the female will lay her eggs on sand or littered leaves. The female uses a pair of valve like triangular structures on her abdomen for digging sand. Next, she will lay her eggs and allow nature to take its own course. The eggs are laid as egg pods. Each pod has nearly 30 to 100 rice shaped eggs.
These eggs hatch in autumn. Nymphs emerge out and look pretty much like smaller sized versions of adult grasshoppers. They do not have wings. They feed on moist leaves scattered on the ground and molt several times. They increase in size and after a period of 20 to 30 days, they will mature into adults. The adults reach maturity and become sexually active in a fortnight. They survive for around 30 days. A grasshopper has a lifespan of one year.
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