Signs Of Molar Pregnancy  

Molar pregnancy is caused due to fertilization malfunctions that cause the growth of a tumor in the uterus with or without the fetal tissue. In simple words, the tissue that is to grow into a fetus grows to be an abnormal growth. In the initial stages of pregnancy, one may experience the normal signs of pregnancy. However, eventually anytime between 6 and 12 weeks spotting or even heavy bleeding will occur. The discharge can either be brownish or bright red may be intermittent or continuous, heavy or light.

During molar pregnancy the uterus of the woman may grow faster than usual. Abdominal swelling and severe nausea are the regular symptoms. In case the molar pregnancy is not diagnosed, few women before mid-pregnancy may develop preeclampsia. However, such cases are very rare; as ultrasound diagnoses a molar pregnancy in the early stages itself.

If you experience bleeding or spotting at the time of your pregnancy, you need to see a midwife or a doctor. The symptoms not necessarily indicate molar pregnancy but an ultrasound ordered by your physician will help to diagnose the cause of the bleeding. The practitioner may also perform a blood test for measuring your hCG level. In the presence of molar pregnancy, cysts that appear similar to a group of grapes can be seen in the ultrasound and the hCG readings will be more than the normal levels.

You may be advised a dilation and curettage (D&C) or a suction curettage for removal of the abnormally grown tissue. The practitioner may use either general or local anesthesia to sedate you and this will be intravenously introduced into your body. While performing a D&C, a specular is inserting into the patient’s vagina. Using a sterile solution, the vagina and the cervix is cleaned with fine metal rods. A hollow tube made of plastic is then passed through the cervix to suction out the abnormal tissue from the uterus. Finally any remaining tissue on the uterus wall is scraped out using a curette or a spoon-shaped tool. Often afterwards the practitioner may advise may ask you for an X-ray of the chest to ensure that no abnormal cells have traveled into your lungs. Generally these cells do not spread to other body parts but in case they do, the lungs are the utmost commonly affected. Your hCG levels will also be carefully monitored once every week to ensure that the readings are declining till it stays zero for few weeks constantly. Here onwards, hCG level is checked once every couple of weeks till the coming year.

In case any abnormal cells are found, which is observed in 11 percent in women having partial moles and around 29 percent in women having complete moles, it is known as persistent gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. Chemotherapy is a successful treatment for most cases. However, one in forty thousand cases may end up forming malignant cancer termed as gestational choriocarcinoma. This if treated promptly before it spreads outside the uterus, it is 100 percent curable.

If you do not plan to have another baby, you can consult your doctor and go in for a hysterectomy as an alternative to D&C. This will lower the risk of abnormal cells returning. For women above forty years of age with complete moles, hysterectomy is considered the best option.

More Articles :

• Can Molar Pregnancy Happen More Then Once ?
• Signs Of Molar Pregnancy
• What Is Molar Pregnancy ? Signs Of Molar Pregnancy




Miscarriage :

• Ectopic Pregnancy
• Molar Pregnancy

What Is Molar Pregnancy ?      A molar pregnancy occurs when there is an abnormality during the fertilization of the egg or when there is an abnormality in the cells that form the placenta. This type of pregnancy is also known as hydatidiform mole. This type of pregnancy is considered to non-cancerous tumor, which is curable. A molar pregnancy can be complete or partial. More..




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