Palliative Care Guide For Families
Palliative care can be given to a person at home, nursing home or hospice. This type of care offers nursing care as well as many types of support services. The pain and symptoms of the disease are managed through palliative care, and in addition there are emergency teams that come to the aid of the patient should the need arise. In the US, it has become common for patients to get palliative care at home where a qualified nurse visits the patient periodically and if necessary doctors also come to check on the patient.
The health care professionals can teach family members how to take care of the patient and also how to support the patient. This includes teaching the family to give medications properly and on time. In addition, they also give counseling to the family members and patient on how to deal with the situation. When palliative care is given at home, it allows the patient to be near their loved ones and live a normal life as far as possible. Many patients think that by getting the care at home can allow them to make better choices pertaining to their treatment and care.
Some of the features of palliative care include the following:
- Assessment of the patient’s needs
- Making a plan on how to treat pain as well as other symptoms caused by the disease
- Supporting the patient and family emotionally
- Providing supplies and equipment for the care
- Washing and bathing the patient
- Getting a person to give relief to the primary caregiver
Typically, there will be staff available round the clock to handle any change in the person’s condition. Also, the staff will be available to answer questions related to the treatment or care.
The main aims of palliative care are highlighted below:
Palliative care does not mean that the patient or family have to give up hope. Treatment continues as usual, but along with that the care involves managing the symptoms and pain. The nursing and health care professional ensure that pain is alleviated with the help of medications and relaxation techniques, like massage therapy. Often, people with chronic or terminal illness suffer from many symptoms such as appetite loss, incontinence, confusion, weakness and nausea. Such symptoms are handled through medication to ensure that the patient is comfortable.
Patients are also given support, which could be spiritual, psychological or emotional. They also offer the family similar support and continue this support even after the patient has passed away. It helps the family handle the illness and subsequent demise of the patient.
One of the most important parts of palliative care is giving support to the caregiver. This can involve relieving the caregiver, so that they get time to relax and freshen up. In addition, caregivers are taught how to give the patient medication, prevent pressure sores, how to bathe the patient, how to change bed linen, how to recognize changes in the patient’s condition and when to call a professional for help.
More Articles :
Kansas City Hospice and Palliative Care: Frequently Asked Questions About Care
Public Health Agency of Canada: Palliative Care Info-Sheet for Seniors
Regional Palliative Care Program In Edmonton Alberta: What Is Palliative Home Care?