Hypothyroidism And Hot Flashes  

Production of extremely low levels of the thyroid hormone symbolizes the medical condition of hypothyroidism. Since the thyroid hormone is cardinal to human growth and development, and the proper functioning of the body; therefore insufficient levels of this hormone in the body can lead to several undesirable health consequences.

Research highlights the prevalence of thyroid dysfunctions in more than 20 percent of menopausal women in the United States. In fact, studies demonstrate the occurrence of hot flashes and thyroid disorders as the most common symptoms of menopause amongst women. Let us first look at these two medical conditions separately.

A hot flash is characterized by a sudden gush of heat sweeping the upper parts of the body resulting in redness of skin especially on the face, neck and chest and perspiration that ranges from minor to profuse. Neither can one predict the duration of a hot flash nor the exact time of its occurrence. Many women experience hot flashes at night, thereby resulting in sleep disturbance. It is believed by many experts that the shorter the phase of transition from regular to stoppage of periods, the higher is the severity of the hot flashes. On the other hand, hypothyroidism is a thyroid disorder that is a consequence of hormonal imbalance, a condition that is closely associated with menopause. The symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue, changes in the skin, loss of hair, heart palpitations, decreased sexual libido and anxiety.

Although researchers are not very clear about the precise cause of hot flashes during menopause, they put forth decrease in the estrogen level as the root cause of the problem. Studies highlight that the decline in this hormone level communicates a message to the temperature regulation unit of the body that is the hypothalamus; which in turn triggers the cooling procedure despite there being no actual need for the same. This is soon followed by a series of reactions that include dilation of blood vessels near the skin surface resulting in redness in the regions of the face and neck, and perspiration aimed at reduction of body heat.

The proper functioning of the thyroid gland is highly influenced by any imbalance in the hormones of the body. Therefore, the relation of hypothyroidism with menopause is easy to comprehend as this is the time when a female’s body undergoes an imbalance between the levels of estrogen and progesterone, thereby making the body prone to thyroid disorders.

The ideal ways of tackling hot flashes and hypothyroidism during menopause are consuming a healthy diet and regular exercising, both of which aid in maintaining hormonal equilibrium.

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