As per Freud, dreams serve the purpose of fulfilling ones unfulfilled desires in reality. When a desire, especially a sexual urge remains unsatisfied during the dreamer’s daily routine, the mind begins to work on this by creating a world of fantasy through dreams. This imaginary creation results in the satisfaction of the desire and hence the dreamer gets a peaceful night sleep.
Freud perceived dream similar to a guardian. As guardians put their little ones to sleep by drawing the curtains, turning off the lights; thereby creating an atmosphere wherein the little one gets detached from external stimuli such as noise, light, temperature, and pain and gradually falls asleep; in the similar manner dreams act like guardians and aid in detaching the person from the internal stimuli while in sleep such as emotions, fear, desires, and dissatisfactions. Freud’s work mainly concentrated on the internal stimuli. Unless a person is completely guarded from the strong negative emotions in the form of a dream, he or she cannot have a peaceful sleep and would wake up intermittently. When the dream is interpreted correctly, it can lead to a better perception of the dreamer’s unconscious mind.Freud regarded dreams as a two fold mechanism; one that is evident and visible and the other that is dormant and invisible. He termed these two folds as manifest and latent. The manifest component is something which the dreamer remembers after waking up whereas the latent component is the one which encompasses the true meaning of the dream. The manifest component is simply a representation of the latent component. Freud further stated that the method of converting the latent component into manifest component is known as the ‘dream work’. This is achieved by condensation, displacement, symbolism and free association.
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