Born on 6th May 1856, in Freiberg, Mravia which is presently a part of Czech Republic; Sigmund Schlomo Freud was the son of a wool merchant called Jacob Freud. His mother Amalia, was the second wife of his father and was almost twenty years younger to him. Sigmund has a total of seven brothers and sisters.
His first two step brothers were nearly of the same age as his mother, Amalia. His peculiar family set up evoked his interest towards family dynamics. In the year 1859, the family migrated to Leipzig in Germany and then later in the year 1860, they moved to Vienna. Freud remained in Vienna for most of his lifetime.
Initially, Freud considered studying law but later he decided to join medical school and do research. He began his further studies in the University of Vienna in 1873. Inspired and guided by Professor Ernst Von Brucke, he started his research on the central nervous system in the year 1876. He finally became the doctor of medicine in the year 1881. He married Martha Bernays in the year 1885. After his marriage, he set up a private practice on nervous disorders. While practicing on nervous disorders, he showed interest in hypnotherapy and hysteria. In the year 1895, his work on hysteria was published as Cathartic method. One of his dreams analyzed by himself was written in a hundred page manuscript in the same year. This draft was published later in the year 1950 as a project for scientific psychology.
Freud is well known for his contribution towards the development of psychoanalysis practices and interpretation of dreams. He became a professor at the University of Vienna and started the psychological “Wednesday Society” in the year 1902. This society gradually emerged as Viennese Association of Psychoanalysis in 1908. The world recognized the psychoanalytic movement and this led to the beginning of an organization known as “International Psychoanalytical Association” in the year 1910. The famous magazine “Imago” was founded in the year 1912. Throughout his career, Freud had to face a lot of opposition from his friends and colleagues. He worked alone during most of his lifetime.
Freud was fond of cigars and this lead to cancer in his mouth, which finally resulted in his demise on September 23, 1939.
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