Superego History

Superego History

It was way back in the year 1923 that the father of psychology, Sigmund Freud put forth his human personality model comprising of the 3 facets of id, ego, and super-ego. Although Freud’s work obtained immense disapproval especially due to his opinion that sexual urge largely drove all human actions; Freud still believed that the 3 aspects of human personality defined by him facilitated the understanding of the relationship between our conscious and unconscious minds.

The id represents that aspect of human personality that desires instant fulfillment and cannot rationale the concept of adhering to social norms. The demands of the id cannot be always paid heed to as there have to be an appropriate place and time for the fulfillment of such needs. In direct contrast to this is the superego element that acts like a guiding force and restricts the demands of the id. This element of the personality model illustrated by Freud incorporates aspects like conscience and guilt that drill in a sense of ethics and inhibit immoral behavior.

Lying in between these two concepts is the ego. One can term the ego as a negotiator between the id and the superego. While in normal vocabulary we often describe this word in negative light representing escalated self worth; Freud put ego at a pedestal as it alone satisfies the requirements of the id and superego by maintaining a fine balance between the two. The ego ensures that the id and superego come into play, restricted within the norms of the society. Therefore, as per Freud’s theory, human psychological equilibrium can be well attributed to the amalgamation of these three concepts.   

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Superego History