If you are using pesticides in your garden, you should take steps to ensure that while it controls the pests, it also protects the environment from adverse effects.
It goes without saying that prudent and wise use of pesticides can enhance public health and environment. An example of this would be controlling pests like rats and mosquitoes that are harmful to man. Controlling rats that carry plague or mosquitoes that carry malaria is necessary. However, pesticides that are off-target are pollutants and cause more harm than good.
Air is important for mankind, plants and animals. It is a source of oxygen. Air has the ability to move particles long distances and this is where it creates a problem. When pesticides are used, the pesticides move through the air and can go from the target area to non-target or off-target areas. These pesticide particles then settle down in waterways, homes, lawns, and forests wreaking havoc to different plants, animals, insects and humans. These pesticides kill beneficial parasites, insects and predators besides pests.
Other environment pesticides effects is that when pesticides are applied, they can groundwater sources and end up in rivers and irrigation water. This contamination affects all life on the planet. Once groundwater is polluted, the pollution will reach streams, lakes and rivers. But as groundwater moves slowly, it will take some time to spread the contaminants.
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