Daffodils are one of the easiest bulbous flowers to grow. They bloom in early spring and fill the landscape with color. There are many varieties of daffodils, but the plants tend to grow quite well from zone 3 to 9. With a little bit of care, this spring you will have daffodils blooming in your garden.
Here are some tips on how to care for daffodils:
Ensure that the location where the bulbs are planted can be drained properly. Daffodils do not like to be in too much water, and if the soil gets clogged with water, then you would have to relocate the bulbs to a better draining area of your garden. In order to improve drainage of the soil, you can till around 12 inches of the soil and then mix 4 to 6 inches of compost and coarse sand. You can even add some other organic matter to the soil. (See Reference 1)
Just as the new growth is visible, put a little bit of fertilizer in the soil. This can be done by sprinkling a handful of fertilizer at the base of the plant. Ensure no fertilizer gets on to the foliage. If this happens, just wash the foliage to remove the fertilizer. The ratio of the nutrients (NPK) in the fertilizer should 1:4:4: for each hundred square feet of the garden. (See Reference 1)
In spring, your daffodils require more water than normal. Hence, water until the soil turns a little moist. In order to help the soil keep the moisture, you can cover the flower bed with around 2 inches of mulch. This will also help in keeping the temperature of the soil constant. (See Reference 1)
Do not prune or cut your daffodils if you notice that the plants still have some green foliage. The plant is taking in energy through the sun and this will help it grow and bloom the following year. In case the foliage looks tattered and worn out, then tie some of the foliage together. This will give you some additional space around the daffodils to plant annuals. (See Reference 1)
Prune your daffodils when the leaves turn completely yellow. This will normally occur right after the first frost. At this point, you can cut off the foliage completely and let the bulbs remain under the ground for overwintering. The following spring, the bulbs will bloom again. (See Reference 1)
If the daffodils appear overcrowded and do not bloom, then they could be too many bulbs in one location competing with one another for nutrients and water. Hence, dig up some of the bulbs and replant them in a different location. Ensure that the bulbs are placed around 6 inches under the soil and about 6 to 12 inches away from one another. (See Reference 1)
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