The banana fruit comes from an herbaceous plant. It grows in tiers referred to as hands, each of which bears about 20 fruits. Anywhere between 3 and 20 tiers make a bunch that weighs about 30 to 50 kilograms.
The banana has an outer covering called skin or peel; and an inner fleshy portion.The banana is one fruit whose outer and inner portions are eaten, both raw and cooked. The skin is generally eaten more in the Asian part of the world in contrast to the West.
There is 75 percent of water content in the fruit. Bananas should either be stored at room temperature and if desired to be stored for long, it should be refrigerated. Storage in the refrigerator may blacken the outer covering, but the fruit remains fresh.
If one is on a diet or wants to just eat plain healthy food, then bananas may be the best answer. This fruit is extremely popular in the United States. It is available almost all round the year. It is rich in minerals such as potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium and phosphorus. The potassium present in the fruit helps to strengthen the muscles and aids in reduction of high blood pressure, thereby preventing cardiac arrest. Although the fruit is low in fat and cholesterol, it is high in carbohydrates that build instant energy, and if taken with milk, it can also increase weight. Banana contains about 90 to 93 calories per 100 gram. The fiber content in it proves to be a good laxative and prevents constipation. The banana is replete with Vitamin B6, which is known to help in overcoming irritability and sleep disorders. Other vitamins present in the fruit include vitamins A and C. Research highlights the role of banana in preventing many types of cancers and problems pertaining to depression.
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