The Bradford pear tree is a preferred tree of many in the suburbs, since it not only gives fresh tasty pears in fall and winter, but also because they beautify the surroundings with their blossoms marking the onset o spring. They are also ideal avenue trees since their roots are not very deep-rooted and the branches do not grow very big. The only disadvantage is that the faster vertical growth of the trees results in the growth of weak branches, which tend to splinter during rough weather, such as ice or snow storms. Pruning these trees from their third year will ensure that the branches spread and grow stronger.
The ideal time to trim a Bradford pear tree is in early spring, immediately after the blooming period finishes. Shaping the tree so that it looks decorative is essential since they are mostly planted as avenue trees. The structure of the tree should be inspected first before the branches get covered by the foliage. Annual pruning will ensure good growth and timely blooming of thee trees.
Younger trees are prone to get blight infection in their branches. Timely pruning will avert this damage. Any portion of the tree with diseased or dead wood should be pruned. Left un-pruned, such portions will attract pests causing other diseases and also make ground for accumulation of fallen leaves and other debris.
In order to prevent vertical growth of all branches, one can place wooden dowel between the branches and the trunk promoting their growth at 45 degree angle or by simply cutting them.
Branches have to be cut carefully. Keep the first branch intact and cut alternate branches which will then grow 12 inches apart. One branch should be earmarked as the central leader and the other branches should be pruned to be at least one foot shorter. Avoid pruning branches that appear to be growing horizontally. Instead, trim those vertical branches which might be obstructing circulation of air within the canopy of the tree.
Prune the overlapping branch or any branch tending to rub another branch. Pruning must be done for the entire tree to facilitate enough light penetration, circulation of air, and sun to all parts.
De-weed the surroundings as well for a better looking tree. Clean the area surrounding the tree of dead wood since these form ideal grounds for pests and also because they take away essential nutrients required by the tree. The tree can even get stunted due to dead and diseased wood left un-cut. Fertilizers can be administered before blooming to avert any disease.
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