Organic farming does not use any chemicals for growing the fruits, vegetables or plants. It basically uses natural products like kitchen compost and dried foliage. Organic farmers use green manure, different cultivation practices to keep the soil productive and biological pest controls. The fact that no chemicals or synthetic fertilizers are used, ensure high quality food.
Today, organic farming is being touted the best practice to save the environment from pollution and over-cultivation. However, organic farming has advantages and disadvantages, and both are discussed below.
Advantages of Organic Farming:
Organic farming ensures that less water is used for cultivation. In addition, this method of farming reduces soil erosion and carbon emission. It also helps to increase the biodiversity of the area.
This method of farming can produce the same crops as those produced using conventional methods of farming, but the cost to cultivate those crops is reduced by 50 percent. Also, organic farming helps to retain 40 percent more topsoil compared to conventional methods of farming.
Organic farming pays special attention to soil management. Even soil that is damaged, saline in nature or soil that is subject to erosion can be helped by using crop rotation, green manure and inter cropping methods.
One of the main advantages of organic farming is that the farmer can deal with weeds and pests without using chemicals. Weeds can be plucked out with hands, or natural weed control methods like using mulch, garlic oil, clove oil, borax and table salt can be used to control weeds. Pests can be controlled used natural pesticides like neem or compost tea. Also, some organic farmers just remove and destroy the disease plant to ensure that the pests or diseases do not spread.
Disadvantages of Organic Farming:
The fact that kitchen compost is used for organic farming, it can increase the risk of E. coli when you consume the organic food. This has been proven via a study conducted in the year 1998 by the Hudson Institute.
The biggest drawback of organic farming is the yield. The yield is much smaller compared to the yield one gets from conventional methods of farming. So, this means that organic farming can only cater to a small number of people.
And finally, though organic farming claims that it helps the environment, studies have shown that the methods used to reduce carbon emissions actually do not have a significant impact. Hence, organic farming is not that effect in addressing the change in the global climate.
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