There are literally thousands of varieties of mushrooms in the world. However, when most people think of these fungi, they think of the edible variety. Care should be taken to find out if the mushroom you have located is edible or not, as there are many poisonous ones around.
The most common edible mushroom that is cultivated is the button mushroom. They have a mild flavor and blend well with other foods. Portobello mushrooms, on the other hand, are large and quite fleshy. These mushrooms can be used as a substitute for meat. They can be grilled to bring out their rich flavor.
Shiitake mushrooms have a spongy meaty texture, and are popular in Asian dishes. They are used in soups as well. Crimini mushrooms resemble button mushrooms, but are firmer and have a more intense meaty flavor. They can be cooked in the same way as button mushrooms, but has greater flavoring.
Another edible mushroom is the porcini, also known as penny bun. It has a distinct and unique aroma, and it is used to make soups. It can also be eaten raw. The giant puffball is best eaten when it is young. Field mushrooms have a very mild taste. They cannot be kept for a long time though.
Morels are prized for their unique flavor by cooks and gourmet chefs all over the world. These can be dried and stored for years. However, make sure that you store the dried morels in dark and dry place.
All these mushrooms have their own unique flavor and can be eaten either sautéed or mixed with other food, such as in soups.
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