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If there are no complications, then gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics, such as cefixime, ceftriaxone, ofloxacin and spectinomycin. These medications are usually injected into the muscle. The gonorrhea treatment side effects normally are nausea, headache, rash, itching at the injection site, pain at the site of the injection and redness at the site of the injection. (See Reference 1)
Nearly half of the people suffering from gonorrhea also end up with Chlamydia or NGU infection. In such cases, ceftriaxone is prescribed along with oral antibiotics like tetracycline, doxycycline, erythromycin and minocycline. The oral antibiotics are usually prescribed for a period of 7 to 10 days, and can cause side effects like nausea, mild pain in the abdomen and diarrhea. The person has to have a follow up check 3 to 5 days after finishing the course of the treatment. (See Reference 1)
When a baby is born to a mother, who has gonorrhea, straight away after birth, the baby is treated with antibiotics to prevent onset of infection and thereby preventing blindness. (See Reference 1)
The doctor usually prescribes medications based on the symptoms and taking details of the person's sexual history. The discharge from the vagina or penis is also sent to the laboratory for examination and analysis. The culture has to be incubated for around 2 days before a confirmed lab diagnosis is made. (See Reference 1)
Gonorrhea infection should never be neglected as untreated infection has the ability to get into the bloodstream and spread the infection to the brain, heart and joints. However, usually this is not very common, but re-infection is common. (See Reference 1) Also, if the infection is not treated, it can result in pain in the abdomen, fever, arthritis, sore throat, lesions on the skin and discharge from the eyes. Further, the infection can spread to the testicles and prostate gland in men, where as women can pelvic inflammatory disease. Both in men and women, untreated gonorrhea can result in infertility. (See Reference 1)
From the years 1985 to 1996, the number of cases of gonorrhea had decreased in the US. However, from the years 1997 to 1999, there was a nine percent increase in the number of infections. Of late, the rate of infection is the country is more or less stable. However, majority of the infections are seen in people aged between 15 years and 29 years; with maximum infection being reported in women aged between 15 and 19 years and men aged between 20 and 24 years.
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