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Shingles are caused by a contagious virus called the varicella virus. Shingles are often associated with blisters and look terrible. The thick formation of rashes on the different parts of the body creates immense pain. The usual symptoms of shingles are diarrhea, chills, nausea, fever and difficulty in passing urine.
The rash ideally begins with slight reddish bumps which slowly and rapidly move within few days. They mostly appear on the back and chest. This virus actually thrives on the bones and consumes water and food to spread faster. The color of blisters might change from pink to red. The rashes might go but the pain still remains. In fact, many people have experienced pain lifelong. It can cause redness, swollen eyelids and itching. If affected near the eye it can lead to permanent vision loss. Glaucoma is basically an eye disease which can cause permanent vision loss.
Shingles are normally caused by antiviral medicines that can reduce the severity of symptoms. The medicines like acyclovir, valacyclovir and famcyclovir can heal the formation of shingles. These medicines work instantly and needs to be taken at an early stage. The doctor can also use or take the help of steroids to lower the pain and your chances of developing postherpetic neuralgia are very low. The doctor might also prescribe over the counter medicines such as acetaminophen or Motrin.
There is a vaccine which is recommended only for people over 55 yrs. This vaccine can prevent, but not cure active shingles. There are additional side-effects of this medicine and hence not suggested for children. People allergic to vaccines, cancer patients, those with compromised immune system, and women who are pregnant are not advised to have this vaccine. It is seen that people who do not suffer from chicken pox can suffer from shingles. Everyone can get affected if appeared in close contact with the infected person.
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