|A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z|
Tetanus is an infection that is brought upon by a bacterium known as Clostridium tetani. The bacterium afflicts the nervous system of the body, and if proper treatment is not given, the infection can be fatal.
When a person injures himself, the spores of the bacterium enter the body. In the wound, under anaerobic conditions, the spores germinate and release a toxin. It is this toxin that affects the neurons of the nerves and leads to severe contractions and spasms of the muscles. The wound does not have to be deep for the bacterium to enter the body. Even a tiny pin prick is sufficient to cause tetanus.
Usually children are given tetanus vaccination as part of their childhood immunization program. Thereafter, a child and an adult must get tetanus shot every ten years. However, if a person suffers from a nasty wound or cut and it has been 5 years or more since the person received his booster shot, he should immediately approach his doctor and get a tetanus shot.
If a person sustains a wound or a cut, tetanus can develop within 48 hours of sustaining the wound. Therefore, a tetanus shot should be taken within 48 hours to prevent the onset of the infection. However, in case the infection develops, it can be treated and the person can recover in four to six weeks. Tetanus does not have to be fatal in this case. But, it must be said that this is only in case the infection has been caught early enough for proper medical treatment.
More Articles :