Brain contusion refers to temporary bruises of the brain that may have short-term disabilities, long-term impacts or even permanent damages depending on the part of the brain that is injured as well as the severity of the injury.
Long-term problems may not be diagnosed early and the consequences may vary depending on the nature of the damage. Focal damage may even result in permanent difficulties that one has to cope up for lifetime. In certain cases, other parts of the brain adapt to this and start performing the functions that the damaged portion of the brain should do by proper training and specialist assistance. (See Reference 1)
Traumatic brain injuries may affect the progression in adults much more than children. Children are much more successful in overcoming these difficulties as they are young and the capabilities of the brain are much more flexible. (See Reference 1)
The brain stem deals with short term memory, attention span as well as regulatory and arousal functions. When traumatic brain injury affects the brain stem, it causes frustration and anger, and may also result in disorientated behavior. In severe cases, the person may fall into coma as the brain stem is responsible for wakefulness and consciousness also. (See Reference 1)
The emotions of a person are regulated by the limbic system. The temporal lobes that are connected to this system deal with language, cognitive skills as well as memory. Seizures and behavioral disorders may occur if the temporal lobes are affected. The frontal lobe is commonly affected during traumatic brain injury and controls personality and emotions in addition to other cognitive functions. Impulsive behavior and difficulties in judgment are the result of frontal lobe injuries. (See Reference 1)
Some people find it difficult to concentrate or even organize their thoughts clearly after a traumatic brain injury. They become forgetful or confused and find it difficult to learn new information or interpret actions. Such kind of cognitive impairments may result in socially unacceptable traits like making inappropriate statements, indecision, difficulty in problem solving and decision making among others. (See Reference 1)
Language articulation, reading and writing skills, sentence formation and expression and simplex or complex mathematical abilities are some of challenges related to language and expression that are associated with traumatic brain injuries. The affected muscles can result in sluggish speech and often leads to frustration, anger and low self esteem. (See Reference 1)
Traumatic injuries are not uncommon in the US and in many cases, the recovery process causes a huge financial dent to the families of these victims as it may include long term treatment, lifestyle adjustments, high-cost medications, multiple specialist consultations and hefty hospital admission bills. (See Reference 1)
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