There are a wide range of fertility treatments available for women who find it difficult to conceive. Success rates of all these treatments vary based on various factors but in the recent years, ethical questions have been raised on some of these fertility treatments.
Couples are advised to try conceiving naturally for a minimum of 15 months before they seek treatments for infertility. In this case, diagnosis tests are taken to see whether there are any fertility problems.
If the results indicate that there are no specific issues, then couples are instructed to try conception by natural methods based on the ovulation cycles of the women. They are also educated on the different sexual positions that increase the possibility of conception. In some cases, sperms are injected into the women rather than having sexual intercourse. This is primarily done to increases the probability of pregnancy.
If problems are diagnosed, then required steps are taken to solve the issue. For example, if the fallopian tubes are scarred, then the woman undergoes surgery to increase the chances of conception. Some women do not ovulate regularly and hence the eggs are not viable for pregnancy. In these cases, fertility medications are administered to regulate ovulation cycles. These medications have undesirable side effects like mood swings and weight gain.
Infertility issues may not be always related to women. Men may also need to take medication in order to increase the sperm count. Even this treatment has some side effects. It increases the chances of miscarriages or multiple births.
If medications do not help, couples may go for IVF (in vitro fertilization) where in the eggs and sperms are taken from the couple and then an embryo is created externally. Then these are again injected into the uterus.
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