When a woman is informed that she is pregnant, it is the happiest day of her life. She expects the baby to be born healthy and complete the nine months of her without any major worries. However, if a woman is informed that there are pregnancy complications, it can be extremely stressful. While most pregnancies proceed with problems, there are some that can have life threatening pregnancy complications. These complications can occur all of a sudden or gradually. Hence, visiting the doctor and getting checked during your pregnancy is important.
Some of the life threatening pregnancy complications are as follows:
Preterm birth is one life threatening pregnancy complication that seen in around 11 to 12 percent of pregnancies in the US. The reason that it is life threatening is that babies can be born too early and hence, may not survive. Usually, babies born between twentieth week and thirty-sixth week of pregnancy are termed as preterm babies. The earlier a baby is born during pregnancy, the less chances of survival. However, thanks to modern technology and advancements in the field of medicine, babies that are born premature now can survive and also develop normally like any other babies. However, if the baby's lungs are not developed enough even if all the other organs are, the baby may not survive due to its inability to breathe on its own. While medical advances have decreased preterm baby mortality rates, this is still one of the leading causes of death among newborn babies.
Ectopic pregnancy is life threatening to the mother. In such a pregnancy, the fertilized egg attaches itself outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube. If the ectopic pregnancy is not detected, it can lead to the rupturing of the fallopian tube, resulting in hemorrhage. However, there are tests available to detect this type of pregnancy and terminate it. So, the risk to the woman is reduced. Also, if rupturing and subsequent hemorrhage occurs, blood transfusion can be given to avert complications or fatality.
Placenta previa is a condition wherein the placenta gets attached too low down in the cervix, and as a result it can block the opening of the cervix either completely or partially. Towards the end of the pregnancy, the lower part of the uterus expands and this can result in the placenta tearing away from the uterus, leading to bleeding. The hemorrhage can be severe or light. When it is severe, it can result in the mother and baby dying unless treatment is given immediately.
Placenta abruption occurs when placenta separates from uterus wall before the baby is born. It can occur in one pregnancy out of fifty and results in heavy bleeding if no treatment is given. The bleeding can result in the mother's and baby's death. At times, even if the mother's life is not in danger, placenta abruption can result in the baby's death, as the baby does not get oxygen due to the abruption.
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