The 15th Amendment History  

The 15th Amendment to the US Constitution is one the three Reconstruction Amendments. It was put forward to prevent the US states and the federal government from refusing a citizen the right to vote based on his past status of servitude, color, or race. However, in the beginning, the amendment proposal failed to gather support of different states.

Amendments in the constitution of North Carolina in 1835 compelled the North Carolina Supreme Court to do away with the right of free men of color to vote. As the right to vote was considered equivalent to giving the free men the right of citizenship, the proposal faced a lot of resentment.

In order to ensure ratification by at least 75 per cent of the US States, a House-Senate conference committee dropped the office. However, as majority of the Republicans were unwilling to chip away at loyalty tests that were used by the Reconstruction State governments to restrict the influence of the ex-Confederates, the 15th Amendment proposal failed to establish a common male suffrage in its true sense. Another reason for disinclination of the political parties to support the amendment was their willingness to carry on with the disenfranchisement of non-native Irish and Chinese. Eventually, after a lot of efforts by the Republicans, the 15th Constitutional amendment was ratified and put into practice on February 3, 1870.

After the implementation of the 15th amendment, Thomas Mundy became the first African American to cast his vote in a school board election in New Jersey on March 31, 1870. Due to the successful adoption of this amendment, the US saw the election of a large number of Blacks to public office from 1865 to 1880. Besides, a number of racially biased laws, such as the laws forbidding interracial marriages and the anti-miscegenation laws, were also eliminated.

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The 15th Amendment History

What-Does-The-13th-Amendment-Say      The 13th US Constitutional Amendment was the first of the three Reconstruction Amendments made to the US Constitution. It officially banned and still continues to proscribe involuntary servitude and slavery prevalent in the United States. It was approved by the Senate on 8 April 1864 and by the House of Representatives a year later, on 21 January 1865. More..




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The 15th Amendment History )
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