What Is The 14th Amendment ?  

The 14th Amendment in the Constitution of the US is one of the three Reconstruction Amendments made till date. It was ratified on July 9, 1868, after the Civil War. Superseding the judicial decision in the 1857 case of Dred Scott v. Sandford, which prohibited the blacks from the US citizenship, the 14th Constitutional Amendment defined a broader concept of citizenship.

The Due Process Clause in the amendment proposal is used widely to distinguish the procedural due process rights from the substantive due process rights, such as the parental and marriage rights. It also states that the required steps should be taken before denying people liberty, life or property. On the other hand, the Equal Protection Clause in the amendment calls for provisions to ensure equal protection to all the people by the states within their respective jurisdictions. This particular clause served as the basis to dismantle the racial segregation prevalent in the United States. Apart for these two important clauses, the 14th Amendment also comprises of a number of other important clauses that deal with the Confederacy and its officials.

The amendment is divided into five different sections. Section 1 prevents the states from enforcing any law that shall reduce the various immunities or privileges enjoyed by the US citizens. It also states that the every individual born or adopted in the United States is the citizen of the US and of the state of residence. The clauses of due process and equal protection are described in this section of the amendment.

Section 2 states that the representatives shall be allotted different states in accordance with their respective numbers, taking into account the total number of people living in a particular State, excluding Indians not taxed. However, in case any male resident of the state, above 21 years of age, is denied his right to vote in the elections, the basis of representation is reduced proportionately. Section 4 prevents the questioning of the validity of the public debt of the US, while Section 5 empowers the Congress to enforce the provisions of the 14th Amendment by apposite legislation.

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What Is The 14th Amendment

Where-Did-The-Fifth-Amendment-Come-From      The Fifth Amendment to the US Constitution was ratified as an integral part of the Bill of Rights in the year 1791 to defend the rights of an individual against the abuse of a government authority in any legal procedure. The Fifth Amendment comes from the English Common Law that traces its origin to the Magna Carta in 1215. The clauses and phrases of due process and the grand juries, both stemmed from Magna Carta. More..




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What Is The 14th Amendment ? )
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