Why Was The 19th Amendment Important ?  

The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was finally approved by the houses and ratified by the states on August 18, 1920. The fact that women in the United States were not allowed to vote or speak in the Congress until 1920 clearly answers the question as to why the 19th Amendment was important.

The amendment proposal stated that no citizen of the United States can be denied the right to vote by the federal or the state governments on the basis of the citizen’s sex or gender. It also proposed that the women should be given rights to speak and participate in the Congress and that the Congress shall be empowered to enforce the amendment by apposite legislation. The idea was backed by the successful adoption of women suffrage legislation by 9 different states in the west by the year 1912.

Thus, the 19th Amendment to the Constitution was important because:

  • It guaranteed all women equal rights, at par with men, to cast their votes during elections and even participate in the Congress.
  • It marked the victory of the thousands of women suffrage supporters who wrote, lobbied, marched, practiced civil disobedience, and lectured in public for several years to bring about this dramatic change in the constitution of the United States of America.
  • It was also symbolic of the successful accomplishment of the purpose of a difficult, long-lasting struggle, marked by several decades of agitation and protest by women to acquire their fundamental rights.
  • It led to the enforcement of stringent laws that made it legal for the female citizens of the US to cast their vote during the elections.
  • It also caused a major shift in the political balance in the U.S. after President Woodrow Wilson declared his support for woman suffrage and put forward the 19th Amendment proposal.

The Nineteenth Amendment was a major landmark in the history of the US Constitution. Finally put into action in as many as 36 US states by August 16, 1920, the 19th Amendment changed the face of the electorate of the US forever.

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