Bill Of Rights And Definition  

The US Bill of Rights refers to the set of the first 10 constitutional amendments that were proposed by James Madison in 1789 and ratified by the two Houses in 1791. Out of the twelve amendments initially put forward by Madison, only ten were approved by the Senate and the House of Representatives to be incorporated in the Bill of Rights.

Thus, the Bill of Rights was an official declaration of 10 amendments to the US Constitution that aimed at restricting the power of the federal government by safeguarding the fundamental rights of the citizens. It provides a clear description of certain important rights, such as the freedom of speech, religion, assembly, petition, and press, and the right to fair trial.

The Bill of Rights was initially applicable to just the federal government. However, it was later extended to all the state governments in 1868, after the ratification of the 14th Constitutional Amendment. Following are the various amendments that were made a part of the Bill of Rights:

  • The First Amendment emphasizes on the separation of Church from State affairs and forbids laws that limit the citizens’ freedom of press, speech, religion, peaceful assembly, and petition.
  • The Second Amendment defines the need of a “well-regulated militia” for security of a free state and banned any laws that contravened with the right of individuals to carry arms.
  • The Third Amendment imposes restrictions on the quartering of soldiers in private homes without prior consent from the home owner.
  • The Fourth Amendment forbids warrants issued without apparent reasons as well as unjustified seizures and search by policemen.
  • Similarly, while the Fifth Amendment forbids self-incrimination in case of a capital crime, the Sixth Amendment emphasizes on the right to counsel and mandatory trial by jury.
  • The right to trial by jury in civil cases is protected by the clauses of the Seventh Amendment. The Eighth Amendment, on the other hand, prohibits corporal punishment and bail.
  • The Ninth Amendment serves to preserve the rights that are not listed in the bill and the Tenth Amendment stresses on the reservation of powers for the state and the people.

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Bill Of Rights And Definition

Bill-Of-Rights-For-Kids-To-Understand      Generally, children find it very complicated to comprehend the term ‘Constitution’. Perhaps, nobody realized at the time of introducing the constitution and its amendments that it would be very difficult for the children to value its importance unless they understand it properly. Let us explain the bill of rights in simple terms, making it simple for the kids to understand. More..




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