History Of The Bill Of Rights  

The Bill of Rights is an integral and important part of the US Constitution. It refers to the collection of the first 10 constitutional amendments that were put forward by James Madison in the House of Representatives of the First United States Congress.

In the year 1789, Madison had proposed a series of twelve amendments, out of which only ten articles were approved and ratified by the federal and state governments. The ratified articles were then added into the US Constitution as the Bill of Rights, and it was put into effect on 15 December, 1791.

The movement to get the Bill of Rights ratified for the American Constitution was backed by Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson was Madison’s mentor and it was his idea to incorporate certain fundamental civil liberties in the Constitution. Thus, Madison had merely penned down Jefferson’s ideas in form of amendment proposals. The Bill of Rights was initially applicable just to the federal government. It was only after the application of the due process clause of the 14th Constitutional Amendment that the Bill of Rights was extended to all the states if the USA.

There was a heated debate on the inclusion of a Bill of Rights in the US Constitution on 12 September 1787 at the historic Philadelphia Convention. However, the motion was defeated as it did not receive majority votes. The final ratification of the constitution was threatened by the prevailing conflict between the Federalists and anti-Federalists. However, Madison managed to get the constitutional amendments approved in 1791. The wording and content of the Bill of Rights, which was thus incorporated into the American Constitution, was highly influenced by the 1689 English Bill of Rights, Magna Carta of 1215 CE, the ideologies of the Age of Enlightenment, and the Virginia Declaration of Rights of 1776.

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History Of The Bill Of Rights

Importance-Of-Bill-Of-Rights-To-Citizens      The Bill of Rights is a list of fundamental rights of the citizens of a country and serves to protect these rights from infringement by the government. The most significant rights of the U.S. citizens and the fundamental civil liberties have been clearly defined in the first ten constitutional amendments that constitute the US Bill of Rights. More..




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