What Is The House Of Representatives ?  

The House of Representatives is the lower house in the bicameral US Congress. The upper house, on the other hand, is represented by the U.S. Senate. The two houses make up the Legislative branch of the government.

The structure, functions, powers, and accountabilities of the House of Representatives have been precisely defined in Article 1 of the U.S. Constitution. Accordingly, one of the most important functions of the House is to approve the federal legislations, which have a significant impact on the nation, before they are passed to the Senate and President for the final ratification.

Other important powers granted by the Constitution exclusively to the House of Representative include:

  • Authority to elect the U.S. President in the event of an Electoral College impasse
  • Authority over initiation of revenue bills
  • Power to put officials on trial and bring them to court

As per the law stated in the Constitution, the total number of representatives with the right to vote in the House of Representatives should not exceed 435. The House comprises of at least one member from each U.S. state. However, the total number of representatives from a particular state is proportionate to the state's total population. For example, California is currently the state with the highest population in the country and sends 53 representatives to the House. Where the state has more than 1 representative, it is further divided into districts that send one representative per district. Thus, apportionment of seats to the states according to their population and redistricting are two important features of the organization of the House of Representatives.

Besides, each of the state representatives in House is required to serve a maximum office term of two years. The Speaker of the House serves as the chair of the House and elected by majority votes cast by the members of the House. The South Wing of the US Capitol is the main venue for all the meetings and activities of the House.

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What Is The House Of Representatives

Who-Is-The-Speaker-Of-The-House-Of-Representatives      The Speaker of the House of Representatives is the officer who chairs the sessions of the House and is also responsible for supervising the sessions. He or she is positioned second in the presidential line of succession, followed by the President pro tempore of the Senate and preceded by the Vice President of the United States. The office of the Speaker of the House was established in the year 1789, as described by Article 1, Section 2 of the Constitution. The Article clearly states in part that the Speaker and the other officers shall be chosen by the member of the House of Representatives. More..




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