Public Domain And Copyright  

Any intellectual or artistic property that is not protected by copyright law is known to be in public domain.

No sole individual has rights over such work and therefore it can be utilized by anyone, as in the case of public property. Work in public domain can be used for personal or professional use. It can be duplicated without approval and it is free of charge.

Work falling under public domain either encompasses work with expired copyrights or those works that do not qualify for protection under copyright laws. The laws of copyright were established in the United States after 1923. As a consequence, all work published before the year 1923 in the United States is not protected by copyrights, and is thereby in public domain. There are clearly demarked rules for placing work in public domain on expiration of copyrights. As per the copyright law in the US, work becomes part of public domain after 70 years of the author’s demise on the first day of the year, which is January 1. In cases of multiple authors, the same rule applies with respect to the last author alive. Work attributed to fictitious authors becomes available for public use on January 1, either 95 years after the date of first publication or 120 years after creation, whichever date comes sooner. Apart from this, work produced by the government in the US constitutes public domain.

On the other hand, copyright is a form of law that safeguards the originality of creative work. Any original work in the fields of literature, art, music or drama, whether it is published or not, can be protected from replication by attaining the copyright law. However, the loophole is that as per the law the work cannot be duplicated but the perception cannot be restricted from public use. Only the original articulation of work is secure.

Work under the protection of copyright law can be identified by the symbol ©. The name of the owner and the date of claim are also mentioned thereafter. After attaining copyrights, the original creator only has the right to sell, reproduce or allocate his or her work. Although the term of the law varies with different countries, in the US and in many European countries the law has a stipulated time frame of 70 years from the date of the owner’s demise.

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Public Domain And Copyright


Public-Domain-Graphics-Images      With increase in the usage of the Internet, the accessibility to information has definitely increased manifolds, but at the same time there is high risk of intentionally or unintentionally violating the copyright law. Many websites have a huge repository of graphic images which can be accessed with just a single click. However, it is vital to understand that all images on the Internet are not automatically on public domain. Not all images are free for use without the approval of the owner or creator. More..




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