United States Laws On The Death Penalty  

Death penalty in the United States in modern times is practiced only in cases involving murder. However, the method of execution varies by jurisdiction. Some jurisdictions are trying to expand its applicability, while others have suspended its use and some have even banned capital punishment.

Death penalty was reinstated in 1976 and since then there have been 1,130 executions until November 2008. Death penalty is always surrounded by controversies. Advocates of death penalty argue that it helps to lower crimes and improves the society. Opponents argue that capital punishment does not deter and cheapens human life.

All jurisdictions in the United States designate murder as a capital crime. Many jurisdictions require aggravating circumstances to designate a particular offense as a capital crime. Several jurisdictions categorize espionage, terrorism, and treason under capital offenses. The US military justice system also has a uniform code for capital punishment for a list of offenses during war. These include: mutiny, spying, desertion and misconduct before the enemy.

Executions for Juvenile (criminals under 18 years of age) crimes did not take place after 1964. The last juvenile execution took place on April 10, 1959 when 17 year old Leonard Shockey was executed. Under the United States law, death penalty cannot be applied to criminals under the age 16. As of 2003, 17 of 38 states allowing capital punishment do not apply death penalty to juveniles. 5 states allow capital punishment for criminals who are at least 17 years of age; while 16 states require the criminal to be at least 16 at the time of committing the crime.

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United States Laws On The Death Penalty
 

What-Crimes-Are-Punished-By-The-Death-Penalty      There are few nations, including the United States, that still use death penalty for crimes like murder. In the United States, crimes subject to death penalty vary by jurisdiction. All jurisdictions term murder as a capital crime. However, most jurisdictions require aggravating or infuriating circumstances to mete out death penalty to a prisoner. More..

 


 

 

 
   
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United States Laws On The Death Penalty )
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