Felonies And Misdemeanors Examples
Most crimes can be bifurcated into three fundamental categories; felonies, gross misdemeanors and misdemeanors. A felony is a serious crime in the US.
The term originates from English common law, where felonies were originally crimes which involved the confiscation of a convicted person's land and goods; while the other crimes were called misdemeanors.
By the definition of the Federal government in the United States, a felony is a crime that is punishable by at least one year and one day that is 366 days of imprisonment. Felonies also carry the potential for significant fines. The consequences of a felony are lesser significant in terms of the jail sentence but have more predominant repercussions on one’s records. It may cause problems in the professional field as well as many employers are apprehensive of having on roll, people with a felony on their record. However, an experienced lawyer is often able to avoid a felony conviction in many cases, either by having charges dismissed, winning at trial or negotiating a plea that swipe off the charges of felony from one’s profile. In the broader framework, felonies can be categorized as either violent or non-violent offenses. Felonies are classified as A, B, C, D, E, A-I, A-II etc. according to their seriousness and punishment. Examples of felonies comprise of cases such as possession of schedule II narcotics (cocaine, methamphetamine, etc.), homicide, rape, theft over 500 dollars, aggravated assault, battery, arson, burglary, illegal drug abuse or sales, embezzlement, tax evasion, treason, espionage, racketeering, robbery, murder, kidnapping and fraud.
As per the legal system, a misdemeanor is a lesser criminal act. Usually only repeat misdemeanor offenders are punished by actual jail time. It is highly unlikely that a first time misdemeanant will serve any jail time. A gross misdemeanor is punishable by up to one year in jail and includes a fine of 3,000 dollars. Offenders having been charged previously of misdemeanor convictions can be charged with a gross misdemeanor, in cases of repetitive offenses. A gross misdemeanor is categorized one step under a felony and its examples include third degree DWI. A misdemeanor is punishable by up to 90 days in jail and includes a fine of 1,000 dollars. Examples of misdemeanors include a fourth degree DWI, fifth degree assault, fifth degree domestic assault and many others. A petty misdemeanor is yet another category which does not get listed under the head of crime since there is no jail sentence involved. Examples of this kind of misdemeanor comprise of parking tickets, most speeding tickets and possession of a very small quantity of marijuana. People convicted of misdemeanors are often punished with probation, community service or part time imprisonment, served on the weekends; which is highly in contrast to felons who are enslaved in a prison. Misdemeanors usually do not result in the loss of civil rights, but may lead to the collateral consequences of criminal charges such as loss of professional licenses, public offices or public employment. The US federal government and many states segregate misdemeanors into several classes, wherein certain classes necessitate imprisonment while others let you off with only a fine.
There are examples of offenses that may fall under the head of felonies or misdemeanors depending on the circumstances. For example, the illegal manufacture, distribution or possession of controlled substances may be a felony, whereas possession of small amounts may be only a misdemeanor. Possession of a deadly weapon may be generally legal, but hauling the same weapon into a restricted area such as a school may be judged as a serious offense, regardless of the intention to use the weapon.
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