Child Labor In 20th Century  

Child labor dominated the common scenario of the 20th century. Families at that time thrived on the incomes earned by their underage children. The census of the year 1900 revealed that about 1.75 million children between the ages of 10 and 15 years had to work relentless to earn bread for their families. This child work force comprised of 6 percent of the total workers at that time.

No laws concerning child labor were in force in most of the countries during the early half of the 20th century. It was only by the year, 1999 that the Federal and State law regulated child labor. Under their law, no one below 16 years of age was allowed to work full time.

Statistics are sketchy about child labor during the first half of the 20th century. However, it can be said that 3.8 million non-white children used to work during the 1900s. With new reforms ad laws being introduced on child labor, the US being the first of the few countries to implement them during the middle of the 20th century, the number of child workers began to decline a bit. At first, the journey to get the required rights for child labor was tough. It all began in 1832 when protesters from New England brought up the topic of abolishment of child labor. Then, Massachusetts got its first state child labor laws. It was only in the year, 1938 that a well-defined Federal regulation was introduced in the Fair Labor Standards Act, which put limitation in the age and also on the number of hours a child could work in any industry.

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