Meditation is a mental discipline where the individual goes beyond his thinking mind into a state of awareness. It involves concentration of the mind on a single point of reference. It is known to be a part of many religions.
People doing meditation may have different goals such as, achieving a higher state of consciousness, to have a greater focus, or to obtain a relaxed frame of mind.History of Meditation:
The practice of meditation is known to have existed among the first Indian civilizations. Indian scriptures dated back to 2,000 years describe the technique of meditation. Now it has developed into a practice followed by millions of people all over the world. Yoga, a Sanskrit word, is one of the six schools of Hindu philosophy and used to describe meditation. The objective of Yoga is to reach a calm state of mind.
The meditative state of mind is considered as the highest state in which the mind exists. The soul residing in the human body has identified itself with the body and is unable to distinguish itself from the body. All the fears, the worries, anxieties, weakness, evil are due to the mistake of the soul identifying with the body.
Buddha had achieved enlightenment while meditating under a Bodhi tree. In Japanese Mahayana schools Tendai, concentration is cultivated through a highly structured ritual. Tibetan Buddhism emphasizes tantra for its practitioners. Christian practice of rosary is a form of meditation that focuses on an object. Christian meditation is considered as a form of prayer. Bible verse memorization is a practice in evangelical Christians. The five daily acts of peaceful prayer by a Muslim are to inspire himself for conduct during the rest of the day.
Meditation is considered to have a quality of healing. The Prophet Muhammad was known to have spent long periods on meditation. During one such period, he had received the revelations of the Qur’an.
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