There are many diseases pertaining to the circulatory system. Here is a brief list of diseases of the circulatory system that are commonly seen.
Aortic Aneurysm: This is caused when the aorta is damaged and starts bulging. It might even tear and cause severe bleeding. Causes are atherosclerosis, obesity and high blood pressure.
Angina: It is pain or discomfort in the chest which occurs due to a block in the blood vessels leading to the heart. Causes are reduced flow of blood and not enough oxygen.
Arrhythmia: One has arrhythmia when one has irregular heartbeat rhythm. The rhythm can be fast or slow.
Atherosclerosis: When there is a formation of plaque in the walls of the blood vessels, it results in this condition. The plaque might be due to fat, cholesterol and calcium. This might obstruct the flow of blood and in severe cases, even stop it.
High Blood Pressure: One is said to have this condition when the systolic pressure goes above 140 mmHg, and diastolic pressure is over 90 mmHg. Avoid drinking and smoking as they could be the cause.
Cardiomyopathy: It is a chronic heart disease affecting the heart muscle and making it weak. It starts with the ventricles and spreads to all the other cells of the heart. It might give way to heart failure.
Coronary Artery Disease:Atherosclerosis is the culprit and when it results in a block, will cause a heart attack. The heart muscles get damaged due to shortage of oxygen.
Hyperlipidemia or Hypercholesterolemia: It is very high cholesterol in the blood which is extremely harmful and can produce a heart attack.
Rheumatic Heart Disease: This can affect children in the age group of 5 to 15. When the antibodies of the body start attacking the body itself it causes this disease. It attacks the heart valves causing it to be become thick, thus damaging and scarring it.
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