Lymphocytes are the member of the white blood cell family and are pivotal in giving the human body its required immunity from all the foreign bodies it encounters every minute. They are microscopic carriers of lymphatic fluids to the blood from the lymphatic tissues, which are vital for proper immunity within the body.
There is a specific count of lymphocyte in a body, exceeding or decreasing which can cause massive problems to the body. In this article, we are going to focus on what happens if the count of lymphocyte goes down alarmingly.
Before knowing about lymphocytopenia or the condition of abnormally low lymphocyte count, let us first know what the normal count of lymphocyte is. In adults, 1000 to 4800 lymphocytes in 1 microliter of blood is ideal, while in children this can be between 3,000 and 9,500 lymphocytes per microliter of blood. Now a person is considered to be attacked by lymphocytopenia if this count goes below 1000 per microliter of blood in adults and that below 3000 in children.
Many reasons are associated with low lymphocyte count. If for some reason the body stops producing sufficient lymphocytes or even if it produces enough number of them, the lymphocytes get destroyed somehow, lymphocytopenia may occur. Sometimes, the lymphocytes may get stuck in the lymph nodes or spleen and, thus, cannot flow into the blood. This may give rise to this disease. AIDS is another major cause of lymphocytopenia. In this condition, the whole immunity system of the body collapses and, thus, the production of lymphocytes gets stopped.
Lymphocytopenia may start out in a mild manner but if neglected, can take a fatal outlook. Though this disease does not have any signs and symptoms of its own, if one experiences weakness and keeps constantly falling sick, he should take the matter more seriously.
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