A birthmark is an unusual mark or blemish on the skin. This can be permanent and in many cases it is temporary and fades away. There is very little knowledge about the birthmarks and their occurrence.
The scientific view is that the birthmark is a development of skin abnormality. This could be due to the cells belonging to the blood forming layer get displaced in the skin forming layer. This could lead to abnormal pigmentation on the skin leaving the birthmarks.
The birthmarks fall into two broad categories, vascular birthmarks and pigmented birthmarks. The vascular birthmarks are made up of abnormal tiny blood vessels and are related to the vascular skin changes. They are normally full grown at birth. These are found to be more common in females than in males. They are found mostly in Caucasian children; and if the baby’s weight is less than 2.2 pounds, then there is 26 percent chance of having these birthmarks. Strawberry birthmark is the most common in this category. No treatment is needed for this as this fades away on its own by the time the child is 8 year old.
Salmon patches/stork bites/ angels kisses are small pale pink marks and they appear on the neck, forehead and eyelids. They generally disappear within a year. The most noticeable one is the port-wine stain. These are permanent birthmarks and are red, blue or purple. They usually appear on the neck, face and top of the shoulder and require medical treatment if they are large and disfiguring. There are cavernous hemangiomas that are red blue benign tumors. It is feasible to get them removed surgically.The pigmented birthmarks are also known as café-au-lait patch due to their tan brown color. These are made up of pigmented cells instead of blood vessels. Moles are most common of this type of birthmarks. They come in all shapes and sizes. They are mostly harmless and don’t pose any health threat.
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