It is learnt that only about 4 percent of the testicular cancer cases are found during the routine examination done by a physician. Remaining cases are reported by the patients themselves.
Hence, it is all the more important that individuals take interest in self examination periodically to notice any of the warning signs of testicular cancer.
The following is a list of warning signs:
- A lump in a testicle
- Testicle enlargement
- Testicles feel harder than usual
- External growth on the testicle
- Pressure in the groin and abdominal area and a dull ache
- Heaviness in the scrotum
- Pain in the scrotum or the testicle
- Enlargement or tenderness of the breast
In the initial stages the enlargement is observed is usually painless. When it is more advanced, the following symptoms will be experienced.
- Back pain
- Chest pain and breathing difficulty
- Noticeable weight loss
- Lymph node enlargement in the abdominal region
As the testicular cancer usually doubles in size in the course of a month, it will not be difficult to notice this change if one makes it a habit of conducting self examination once a month. Self examination can be done by placing the thumb on top of the testicle and two fingers underneath and the testicle to be rolled between the fingers. One should look for a lump, swelling or any other change in shape or texture that has taken place from the previous examination.
If abnormalities are noticed, one should seek the help of a doctor's opinion. Family doctor may not be familiar with the disease as he rarely encounters testicular cancer in his practice. A urologist is better qualified and experienced in this field; hence he needs to be consulted. One should go for an ultrasound test without any further delay. The conventional treatment with antibiotics or any other medicine may cause delay in detection and the cancer may grow and spread in the mean time.
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