The data collected during the Human Genome Project (HGP) is still being analyzed and interpreted. Research in this field, far from concluded, is an ongoing process.
It was expected that the results of the HGP would open new avenues in the field of medicine, pharmaceuticals and human reproduction.
Even before the project was complete its contributions to science made several breakthroughs possible. For example, genetic tests were developed and conducted to identify a predisposition towards various diseases such as breast cancer, cystic fibrosis, haematosis disorders and liver diseases to name but a few. Results have thrown new light on the causes of other diseases like Alzheimer’s and cancers of different types and their management. Other areas are constantly relying on the information available to benefit from the results of the HGP.
There is more detailed information available to scientists on individual genes that may be of interest in the course of their research. For example, if they have isolated a particular gene as being responsible for a disease or other characteristic, a detailed knowledge on it is readily available. A greater understanding of the evolution and process of particular diseases now available assists in determining new therapeutic approaches. The study of evolution has been facilitated by an investigation into the similarities in organisms identified by the HGP in DNA sequencing. The data from this project has answered many, and thrown up fresh questions about man’s relationship and evolution from other living mammals more especially apes and primates.
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