Kawasaki syndrome is a common name of lymph node syndrome and mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, which is also referred to as MLNS. The disease is named after Dr.
Kawasaki, who described it in 1967.The disease results in a fever as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit. Usually infants and children under the age of 5 are most prone to Kawasaki syndrome. Therefore, the treatment for the disease has to be done carefully and cautiously.
Characteristic features of the disease are inflammation with rashes on the chest and genital area, joint pain, jaundice, and strawberry tongue. Conjunctivitis, redness of hands and feet, swelling of lymph nodes near the neck region, ulcerative gum disease or gingivitis, and cracking of lips are the other symptoms that help in diagnosing the disease. The rashes that occur on the body become hard and swollen. Inflammation in the arteries, or vasculitis, weakens the blood vessels resulting in serious condition of the patient.
The major consequence is seen when the disease affects the heart. Lining in hearts or pericarditis, arthritis and meningitis are the serious complications, which are still a big challenge before the healthcare providers.
There are conflicts in accepting the fact that the terms, Kawasaki disease and Kawasaki syndrome are one and the same thing.
The cause of the disease was not known until 2004. Now it is said that allergic, immune and genetic factors are responsible for occurrence of the disease.
Treatment of Kawasaki is generally done by providing sufficient amount of aspirin to the patients affected.
Continuous and periodic checkups with radiology tests like X-ray, ultrasound and electrocardiogram are suggested. As well the patient should be referred to a good doctor or specialist.
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