What Is The Diagnosis Of Sickle Cell Anemia ?

What Is The Diagnosis Of Sickle Cell Anemia ?

Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder and is also known as sickle cell anemia as the condition of the sickle cells prevents oxygen reaching all parts of the body. This is a condition one is born with and has to live with it.

A person suffering from sickle cell anemia can get some relief through medication to control the symptoms related to the disease but there is no cure for it other than bone marrow transplant, which is not available to every patient. The patient also acts as a carrier of this disorder to his offspring.

People with sickle cell disease have red blood cells that contain abnormal hemoglobin. The red blood cells are sickle shaped and they experience difficulty in passing through small blood vessels. They tend to block small blood vessels and this causes poor blood supply to affected regions of the body. Tissue that does not receive regular blood supply can get damaged. Hemoglobin which is part of the sickle cell carries the oxygen received from the lungs and is unable to supply the same to the tissues and organs which are in need of it.

There are several types of sickle cell diseases and Sickle cell anemia (SS), sickle hemoglobin C disease (SC), sickle beta-plus thalassemia and sickle beta-zero thalassemia are some of them.

A simple blood test and a procedure called hemoglobin electrophoresis will determine the type of hemoglobin the patient has. When an electric charge is passed through a solution of hemoglobin, different types of hemoglobin are found to move different distances depending on their composition. This test is capable of identifying the type of hemoglobin that is present in the blood. Test result will indicate the type of hemoglobin that is present. This test can identify a patient with sickle cell anemia.

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What Is The Diagnosis Of Sickle Cell Anemia ?