French scientist Louis Pasteur invented the vaccine for anthrax in 1881. It is probably the first vaccine invented for any disease. Till then, the concept of vaccination was not known. Louis Pasture performed an experiment on two groups of sheep, goat and cow.
The animals in one group were injected with anti-anthrax injection in two doses separated by two weeks. The second group did not have the benefit of these injections. Both the groups were injected after one month with a culture of anthrax bacteria. All the animals in the group that received vaccination survived while all the animals in the second group died.
A cell free anthrax vaccine for humans became available in 1954. This was further improved upon and the new version was made available in 1970. American military personnel are given anthrax vaccine injections routinely prior to their posting in war zones to immunize against possible biological attacks. Every vaccine has some side effects and anthrax vaccine is no different. The following side effects are reported from this vaccine.
- Soreness, redness and itching
- A lump at the shot location
- Muscle or joint aches
- Chill or fever
Serious allergic reaction is reported however this is very rare and observed in 1 out of 10,000 cases.
Even though headache has been listed as one of the side effects under mild problems, it is not clear whether it can cause migraine.
Migraine is known as a common form of headache and generally women are more prone to it. There are two types of migraines, common and classic migraine. Both normally last for 4 to 72 hours. The headache starts with severe throbbing pain on one side of the head and accompanied by nausea, vomiting and anorexia. Migraine is caused by stress related factors such as anger, depression, shock and excitement or food related such as chocolate, cheese, red wine or fried foods or sensory related as bright lights, strong odors or loud noises.
There is no reason why anthrax vaccine can give rise to migraine.
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