Cholera Outbreak In Kruger Park

Cholera Outbreak In Kruger Park

Kruger National Park is the largest game reserve in South Africa and it is located in the eastern part of the country. It covers an area of 18,989 square kilometers. It extends 350 kilometers from north to south and 60 kilometers from east to west. It borders Zimbabwe in the north and Mozambique in the east.

It became part of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park along with the Gonarezhou National Park of Zimbabwe and the Limpopo National Park of Mozambique in the year 2002.
   

The park area was originally occupied by nomadic hunter gatherers for thousands of years. Paul Kruger, the president of Transvaal Republic created Sabie Game Reserve in 1898 to control hunting. The game reserve along with some nearby farms was combined to form Kruger National Park in 1926 and it was opened for public visitors in 1927. During the apartheid era, the Africans were not permitted to visit South African parks including this park.  

There are several rivers running through the park including Sabie river. The park attracts more than a million visitors per year. Africa’s big five game animals, elephant, rhinoceros, buffalo, lion and leopard, can be found here.

Zimbabwe had an outbreak of cholera in August 2008 due to breakdown of water supply, sewerage and garbage collection systems. It is reported that nearly 3,000 people died due to cholera. The two provinces surrounding the park, Limpopo and Mpumalanga, recorded 4,000 cases of cholera in November 2008 and 33 people died as a result. Cholera was detected in the rivers flowing through the Kruger National Park.  

The park authorities gave assurance to the visitors that the river water from the park is never used for human consumption directly. They have their own water purification plants and the tap water from the camp is fit to drink.

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Cholera Outbreak In Kruger Park