What Are Symtons Of Cholera

What Are Symptoms Of Cholera ?

Cholera is caused by the bacteria vibrio cholerae. Transmission of this disease to human beings takes place through the water route either through drinking of contaminated water or through food stuff. This is a disease where the bacteria act rapidly to cause maximum damage.

The incubation period for the disease is 1 to 3 days. During this period the bacteria positions itself within the small intestine and start producing cholera toxin which works on the intestine lining. This will cause the intestine to secrete water and chloride ions. Result is the onset of diarrhea initially watery and brown and subsequently pale fluid stools.

The initial symptoms do not lead the diagnosis to this disease because nobody will suspect vibrio cholerae bacteria as the cause. The onset of diarrhea is usually considered as due to an upset stomach. Only when the patient does not respond to medication and his condition gets worse, the needle of suspicion points towards cholera as one of the possibilities. Stool test at this stage may reveal the culprit.      

The symptoms of cholera begin 1 to 3 days after the person gets infection. Some infected people may not show any symptoms. Sometimes the symptoms are mild and simple diarrhea while in others it can be severe. The severity of the symptoms depends on the number of bacteria ingested. Some of the symptoms of cholera are listed below.

  • Cramps in the abdomen
  • Dehydration
  • Dry mouth
  • Diarrhea with fishy odor and watery
  • Dry skin
  • Unusually high thirst
  • Low quantity of urine
  • Low blood pressure
  • Nausea
  • Increase in heart rate
  • Sunken eyes
  • Tiredness
  • Unusual drowsiness
  • Vomiting

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What Are Symtons Of Cholera