After Effects Of Spinal Meningitis

After Effects Of Spinal Meningitis

Meningitis is caused by the inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. The cause of the inflammation is due to infection from viruses, bacteria or other organisms. This can also be due to certain drugs or other diseases. As the inflammation is close to the brain and spinal cord this is to be considered as a medical emergency.

Meningitis is life threatening and has high mortality rate if the patient does not receive timely treatment.

The inflammation may not be due to infection but due to the response of the immune system to the entry of bacteria within the central nervous system. Generally the body’s immune system takes care of the infection. If it is unable to do so, then the infection enters the spinal fluid surrounding the brain. The resulting swelling can harm nerve cells and can cause bleeding in the brain.

The following are the symptoms of spinal meningitis

  • High fever
  • Splitting headache
  • Stiff neck
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sleepiness or confusion
  • Discomfort looking into bright lights
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sweating

Bacterial meningitis may display some extra symptoms such as twitching, dementia, and skin rashes. In infants, the symptoms are headache, fever and stiff neck. As the child is unable to communicate he may be slow or inactive. As the disease progresses, it may lead to seizures.

Viral meningitis is not serious and the patient may recover within 2 weeks with no residual complications. Bacterial meningitis needs to be diagnosed quickly and treated otherwise it can lead to permanent spinal damage.

Complications of spinal meningitis can cause damages such as loss of hearing, brain damage, loss of vision or hydrocephalus.

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After Effects Of Spinal Meningitis